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Monday, March 3, 2008


---------------------------n TEACHING POTTENTIAL
Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti was registered as a society on –15 August 1950
Who was the Chairman of the first Indian Education Commission –Sir John Hunter
Who organizes the National Talent Search Competitive Test –N.C.E.R.T.
When was Central Advisory Board of Education set up –1956
Navodaya Vidyalayas have been set up –In Rural Areas
The programme Gyan Vani is broadcasted by –AIR
When was N.C.E.R.T. Established –2nd Oct. 1971
In 1936-37 who submitted the report on technical Education –Abbot
Who conducts the admission test for Novdaya Vidyalayas –N.C.E.R.T.
Who was the chairperson of Wardha Scheme –Zakir Hussain
National law school of India is situated at –Bangalor
A.I.C.T.E. stands for –All India Council of Technical Education
In which year University Grants Commission Act was passed –1956 A.D.
The central Institude of Indian Languages is located at –Mysore
Which Organization was established during Bengal Partition –National Council of Education
Which was the first University to be opened in Britishers time ? –Calcutta University
To whom did Lord Macaulay present the famous Macaulay’s minute ? –Lord Bentinck
In which year C.B.S.E. set up open school ? –1985
What was the other name for hunter commission –Indian Education Commission
What amount was sanctioned by Charter Act of 1813 to be spent on education ? –One Lakh
Reshtriya Sanskrit Sansthan has its head quarters at –New Delhi
Which is the first open University of India ? –Indira Gandhi open University New Delhi
What is the Minimum qualification requird to appear in any examination of the Open University ? –No Minimum qualification
Regional College of Education for the Northern region is located at –Ajmer
Where is situated the Regional College of Education for the eastem region ? –Bhuvaneshwar
Where is Regional College of Education for Western region ? –Ujjain
Regional College of Education for the Southern region is at –Mysore
The Regional Colleges of Education were set up by the N.C.E.R.T. with the co-operation of –Planning Commission of India
Generally the medium of instruction in Public School is –English
The famous Doon Public School is located at –Dehra Dun
The famous Doon Public School Bishop Cotton is situated at –Shimla
The famous Lawrence Public School is at –Sanawar
The famous Shivaji Public School is at –Pune
The famous Air Force Central School is situated at –Delhi Cantt
Tamil Nadu has a Sainik School at –Amrauathinagar
The Sainik School in Orissa is at –Bhuvaneshwar
The Sainik School in Karnataka is at –Bijapur
Gandhi had which Educational Degree ? –Law
Gandhi got his law Degree from –England
Where did Gandhi as a teacher ? –South Africa
Who said “A cowardly teacher cannot make his students valiant ? –M.K. Gandhi
Effective teaching is a function of -Teacher’s methodology
What should be the attitude of the teacher towards school authorities ? –Cordial
The attitude of teacher towards new idea should be –Receptive
Teachers should be made accountable for –Teaching
An excellent teacher must be –Good guide
As a teacher, you are never supposed to be angry –I am a human and can also be angry
What is your Prime duty as a teacher ? –To help the student in understanding Physical and Social Environment
What is the best Quality of the teacher ? –good human subject being
The enthusiastic teachers generally ? –involve the students in learning–teaching process
A teacher has better chances of succeeding if ? –he is properly trained for the profession
Does the teachers enjoy the freedom to make their syllabus flexible ? –False
A good teacher can overcome the defects of ? –System
A quality teacher always reaches the school ? –Before the morning assembly is over
Why you want to make teaching as a career ? –it make you eligible for the profession in ten months
Generally a good number of students do not like to go to the class rooms because- the curriculum is dull
What is attitude –feeling
A good teacher priority in school is his –students
People’s attitude towards teaching is becoming positive because – perceiving teaching as a profession
Who can be creative teacher- develop thinking ability among the students
Among the students faith in the human values can be generated through – Moral Education
If as teacher you give too much liberty to students what will be result – indiscipline in the class room
If some one does not agree with you what will you do – polite explain your view point to him
As a teacher what means of recreation will you like to prefer – literary magazines and news papers
A teacher always learns and he learns from – Students
What enhances the status and respect of a teacher – community service
Why a teacher fails in maintaining discipline in the class – because he lacks consistency in his approach to discipline
What type behavior is expected from a teacher in the class room – calm, dignified and composed
Why a teacher should be lover of sports – it encourages the students to take part in sports

1. Teaching Learning Process
There is no teaching without learning ,Interaction is between
The Teacher and the pupil or The Taught.,
It is progressive Modification of behavior ,Motivation By
Adjustment, continuous, Goal Oriented Activity.
Formal Education Through- Schools, Colleges, Universities,
Informal Education Through –Home, Society, Community.
Non-Formal Education Through-Distance Education Centres, Open Universities, Correspondence courses. Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE), INSAT-IB are its Modes.
James S. Ross-Bipolar Activity, John Dewey-Tri-polar Activity (Teacher, Pupil, Environment )
2.Audio Visual And Mass Media
The Devices which make teaching and learning process Effective & Interesting.
Audio Aids-Radio (Fourth R), Tape Recorder, Gramophone etc.
Visual Aids –Charts, Motion Pictures, Chalk Board, Film Stripe, Slides, Models, Bulletin Board, Flash cards, Poster, Projector, Photographs
Audio Visual.- Television News, Demonstrates, Films (School made,Industrial,Documentary)
Activity Aids -Science Fairs, Science Museums, Aquarium, Vivarium, Exhibition, Nature Study.
Projected Aids - Motion Pictures, Film Stripe, Films (School made,Industrial,Documentary
Non- Projected Aids- Charts, Chalk Board, Tape Recorder, Gramophone ,Globe, Story Telling.
Audio Visual Aids should be used according to the Context, Subject Matter, Age &Intelligence of the Students. Teaching Aids should be Cheap, Durable& Informative.
Mass Media-The use communication media to a large numbers of learners at the same time to strength Education- Radio, Television, Satellite Instructional Television Experiment Programmers, Newspapers, Video, Cassettes, ), INSAT-IB, Multimedia Package.
3.Educational Values In The Constitution
Art.45----------------- Deals With Free & Compulsory Education between the age 6 To 14.
Art 15 (1), (2), (3),-- Deals With Women Education
Art 25 & Art 28 ----- Deals With Religious Education In Educational Institutions.
Art 29 & Art 30 ----- Deals With Rights of Minorities to establish their Educational Institutions.
Art 46-Provides free education of the socially and educationally backward classes of the country
Art.341-deals with the promotion of Hindi as the national language.
Art.350[A]deals with the mother tongue at the primary level of education.
42nd Amendment 1976 deals with Concurrent list.

Sri Prakash committee-NCERT-1970-Primary Education
Secondary Education between the Age 11 to 17
National literacy Mission-1998-Each one Teach one.

4. Qualities of a good Teacher
In his profession a teacher must love for his profession and students. He sound have the knowledge of child
and educational psychology and mastery of the subject he is supposed to teach. punctuality ,interest in extra
curricular activities, awareness of department rules and regulations along with skill in question and teaching
technology are required for better professional qualities in him.
High moral character, missionary zeal patience, sharp memory, command over speech, sense of humors
and impartiality are the traits of a teacher’s character and personality.
In his human behavior the teacher should have co-operative and democratic attitude. Political neutrality
and religious tolerance are also required in his sphere. The teacher must strive hard to win the confidence
of his students.
For the all-round development of the student a teacher should be ego supporter, friend philosopher,
initiator judge, role model, moral educator, reformer, referee, guide a resource person and an upholder of
the various norms and values.
5.Code Of Conduct
It means a system of rules and principles accepted and adopted by the society or in other words a group
of people. The code of conduct contains the professional ethics meant for the teachers. We must bear in
mind that teacher is a living model for the young students or pupils who are under his charge and he his supposed to )

nurture them in order to make them useful members of the society as well as of the Nation. Teachers lack code of ethics and the teaching profession lacks certain codes that is why we find the teacher’s attitude towards teaching is not professional.
There is lack of knowledge. Teachers are not properly trained. The Teacher –Student relationship is not one to one.
What A Teacher Should Be
1.Mastery on the Subject .2.A good store of G. K.
3.Thirst of Knowledge.4. Power To Speak Effectively .
5.Pre &In-Service Training, Teaching Experience.
6.Sense of Humor, Love For Children, Justice & Impartiality.
7.High Character, Optimistic, Democratic Outlook.
8.Punctuality, Emotional, Mental & Physical Health.
[A]Teacher’s Relations with the Pupils
1 interested in welfare.2.Sympathetic and affectionate attitude.;
3.To know the pupils 4.Easily accessible 5.Respecting the child 6.lndividual attention 7.Fair dealings
8.Tactful dealing 9.Good Example 10.lnsping the pupils
[B]Teacher’ relations with his Colleagues
1.Mutual help and co-operation.2.Due credit for assistance. 3.Friendly and objective attitude.4.Maintaining decorum. 5.No back-biting. 6.No interference.7.No cliques.
[C]Teacher’s Relations with his Superiors
Teacher must look upon the Headmaster\Principal as his friends and guides. He must be loyal and obedient to them. He must give them maximum co-operation. There sound be perfect understanding between the teacher and the head. He sound be open and frank in dealings with the Head and management of the school.
[D]Teacher’s Relations with Parents
1Organisation of PTA Meeting.2. Inviting Parents to official function .3 Visiting. Homes of the Pupils.4. Sending Progress Report.
[E]Teacher’s Relations with the Community
1.Permoting social service during floods &famines. 2. Providing social service under special circumstances require cleanliness , health care and sanitation. 3.Organising of social and adult education Programme, Sports and Tournament for the adults.4.Efforts for removing Social Evils
7.History Of Modern Indian Education
1813 Charter Act-Announced the usage of one lakh of rupees on literature improvement.
1835 Macauly Minute-Medium to be English and Spreading of Western Education.
1854 Wood Dispatch –Sir Charles wood renewed the Charter Act &create a proper system of education from Primary to University. Emphasis on the Training of Teachers.
1857 Historical Year- Establishment of universities started but not open to girls.
1882-1883 Hunter Commission –The First Indian Education Commission Chaired By Sir William Hunter .It was the result of the Agitations by Indians.
1910-1911 Gokhale ‘s Bill for Compulsory Primary Education-First time a bill was introduced on making elementary Education free and compulsory throughout the country.
1920-22 National Education Movement- Headed by M.K Gandhi.
1935 Government of India Act- Recommended for checking the employment opportunities for those who were getting University Education.
1936-37 Abbot Wood Report- The report talked about the Technical/Vocational and General Education. Messer’s Abbot was This report was the results of unability of University Graduates to secure jobs.
1938 Zakir Hussain Committee—It is also known Wardha Scheme. For the first Time the Elementary education at National Level was studied.
University Education Commission 1948-1949 chaired by Dr. S. Radha Krishnan .
Secondry Education Commission was establishment in 1952-1953 .
National Education Commission 1968 –based on recommendation of 1964-1966 chaired by Dr. D. S. Kothari.The Concept Of Work Experience is also related with National Education Commission 1968.
National Policy On Education 1986 adopted by Rajiv Gandi Govt &approved by Lok Sabha ON MAY 8,1986. 10+2+3 Pattern , OPERATION BLACK BOARD,Education Is A Challenge,PROGRAMME OF ACTION.
Rammurti Review Committee 1990 was appointed to Review NPE 1986
Janardhan Reddy Committee 1992 Is The Result Of Rammurti Review Committee 1990
In 1992 NPE 1986 was revised by adding Two New Paras.Modify-31. Total=157+2=159.

NCERT-SEPT.1, 1961. HQ-New Delhi, Academic Adviser to Ministry of Education. Units-6.
NIE-The National Institute Of Education (Text Books, Teaching Aids etc. ), CET- Centre For Educational Technology(using of Media) & Four Regional College of Education (Ajmer, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar & Mysore )
NCTE- National Council For Teacher Education got its as a unit of NCERT but it independently started working in 1973 as a statutory body from Aug 17, 1995 to achieve planned and co-ordinate development of teacher education system, The Council laid down norms and standards for Primary, Elementary Secondary & Higher Level Teacher Education Institutions.
UGC-India Govt. Act 1956 –It promotes and co-ordinate the University Higher Education and also determine and maintains the standards of teaching, examination and research. It also analyses the financial needs and allocate and grant funds for the promotion of excellence in higher education.
School Education Boards –Recommended By Calcutta University Commission 1919- Secondary Education. SCERT- Under NCERT-AT STATE LEVEL. It looks after the Inservice Training, Elementary Teacher Training, research in education, holding seminar etc.
8.Classroom Problems & Solutions
This is the duty of Teacher, the Management And The Headof the institution to solve these problems for the betterment of the students and the education. These problems can be solved by updating the Knowledge on part of the teacher. The teacher can discuss these problems with his or her colleagues also with his seniors in the school. One has to improve his behavior and evaluation of the teacher by he students should be brought in. on his own behalf the teacher must improve his relations with the pupils.
Moreover the government and the policy makers should provide impressive syllabus, good
Time table, student oriented teaching, use of audio visual aids and use we of modern devices of teaching. The
teaching should be made as students oriented. The class rooms must have adequate light, space and ventilation,
furniture and seating arrangement. There should be no distraction, overcrowding and effective use of
instructional material the management is also required to solve the discipline problems and develop the social
qualities in the students. Steps to solve the problems
find out the needs. 2. frame the problem. 3. gather information. 4. develop the hypothesis. 5. test the
hypothesis. 6 acceptance.7.feed back.
Problems of Examination, Evaluation and Assessment
We can define evaluation as a measurement of all round development of the student including his physical, social, moral intellectual abilities, aptitudes and development of interests.
Evaluation is needed to provide admission, promotion and certifying the students. It also helps in awarding scholarships and infuence learning. Evaluation is of two type. (a) Formative Evaluation (b) summative Evaluation
Formative Evaluation:- This means evaluation of students during instruction and takes into cosideration all units of curriculum.
Summative Evaluation:- this summative evaluation is used at the end of the term, course or programme is used at the end of the term, course or programme foe the purpose of promotion to the next class or certification.this is also done for the progress and effectiveness of the course of study or achievements of the educational plan.
To over come the shortcomings of annual examination, the system of comprehensive internal evaluation can be an attempt. In this the student is fully assessed by the teachers teaching in the school. This system is better because it includes the weekly, monthly unit tests, oral teste, class work done, homework and assignments. This system also evaluates academic achievement. Physical achievement, social, character and personality development. LIBRARY USAGE
THE USE OF LIBRARY IS VERY IMPORTANT IN THE ATTIAMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, STIMULATES THE STUDY HABIT, GOOD USE OF LEISURE TIME AND ACHIEVEMENT OF SELF EDUCATION. The use of library helps in attaining the aims of democracy, school study, enhances the knowledge and infuses the spirit of planning and designing. The librarian and his staff should teach the students, the ways to locate the relevant references and resources material. The subject teacher should give assignments of different type of the students and tell them to complete them with the help from books from the library must have proper seating arrangement and lighting and peaceful proper seating arrangement and lighting and peaceful environment should be kept. In the library books should we made available according to the age and interests of students. In absence of a qualified librarian, the school should entrust the responsibilities to the teacher who shows interests in this work. All the subject teachers should help their fellow in recommending good books on various subjects to make the library function smoothly. While selecting the books for the library, the age, interests and requirements of then students be kept in mind and for a library committee should be formed.

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