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Monday, March 3, 2008

Just for Exam II (G.K,Sports and More)

SPORTS
TROPHIES ASSOCIATED WITH SPORTS.
1.Agha Khan Cup Hockey. 2.Dhyan Chand Trophy. Hockey.
3.Nehru Trophy. Hockey. 4.Scinda Gold Trophy. Hockey.
5.MCC Trophy. Hockey. 6.Bombay Gold Cup. Hockey.
7.Ranga Swami Cup. Hockey. 8.Gurmit Trophy. Hockey.
9.M R.S..Gold Cup Hockey 10.Santosh Trophy. Football.
11.Rovers Cup Football 12 D.C.M Trophy. Football
13Nizam Gold Cup. Football. 14.Vittal Trophy. Football.
15.G.V.R.M.Trophy. Football. 16.Durand Cup Football.
17.Ranjit Trophy. Cricket. 18.Sheesh Mahal Trophy. Cricket.
19.Daleep Trophy. Cricket. 20.Irani Cup. Cricket.
21.Rohiton Trophy. Cricket. 22.Jayalakshmi Cup. Tennis(W)
23.Barna Bellack Cup Tennis(M) 24.Rajkumari Challenge Cup. Tennis(G)
25.Ramanujan Trophy. Tennis(B) 26.Burdwan Trophy. Weightlifting.
27.Prithi Singh Cup. Polo. 28.Radha Mohan Cup. Polo.
29.Wellington Trophy. Rowing. 30.Maulana Azad Trophy. Inter.Uni.Sports and Athletics.
NATIONAL GAMES OF FAMOUS COUNTRIES.
1.INDIA Hockey 2.ENGLAND Cricket
3.AUSTRALIA Cricket 4.AMERCIA-U.S.A. Base Ball.
5.SPAIN. Bull Fighting. 6.CANADA. Ice Hockey.
7.SCOTLAND. Rugby Football. 8.JAPAN. Judo.
9.PAKISTAN. Hockey. 10.MALAYSIA. Badminton.
11.U.S.S.R. Chess. 12.BRAZIL. Football.
13.CHINA. Table Tennis.
TROPHIES ASSOCIATED WITH SPORTS IINTERNATIONAL(WORLD)
1.World Cup. Hockey. 2.World Cup. Cricket.
3.World Cup Football. 4.Mardeka Cup. Football.
5.Colomboo Cup Football. 6.Jules Remit Cup. World Soccer Cup.
7.Davis Cup. Lawn Tennis. 8.Wimbledom Trophy. Lawn Tennis.
9.Swaythling Cup Table Tennis(M). 10.Corbillian Cup. Table Tennis.(W)
11.Thomas Cup. Badminton. 12.Uber Cup. Badminton(W)
13.Colombo Cup. Golf(World) 14.Walker Cup. Golf(England)
15.Ryder Cup. Golf(England) 16.Prince Of Wales Cup. Golf(England)
17.Westchester Cup. Polo(England) 18.Derby Horse Race(England)
19.Grand National Horse Race(England) 20.Amercian Cup. Yact Racing.
POPULAR NAMES.
1.Sourav Ganguli. Prince Of Calcutta,Tiger Of Bengal.
2.Tendulkar. Cricket Idol,Master Blaster.
3.Kapil Dev. Haryana Ka Tufan.
4.M.A.K.Pataudi Cricket Tiger.
5.Sunil Gavaskar. Little Master.
6.Kartar Singh(Wrestler) Punjab Kesri.
7.Milkha Singh. Flying Sikh.
8.P.T.Usha. Track Queen,Golden Girl.
9.Dhyan Chand. Hockey Wizard.
SPORTS STADIUM IN INDIA.
1.Wankhede Stadium Mumbai. 2.NetaJi indoor Stadium. Kolkata.
3.Nnehru Stadium. Chennai. 4.National Stadium. Mumbai.
5.Barbourne Stadium Mumbai. 6.Keenan Stadium Jamshedpur
7.Yadavindra Stadium Patiala. 8.Barabati Stadium Cuttak(Orissa)
9.Eden Gardens Kolkata. 10.Green Park Kanpur.
11.Shivaji Stadiuw New Delhi. 12.Salt Lake Stadium Kolkata.
13.Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium New Delhi. 14.J.L. Nehru Stadium New Delhi
PLACES ASSOCIATED WITH SPORTS.
1.Aintree Grand National Horse Race(England) 2.Bisley(Eng) Shooting.
3.Blackheath Rugby Football(England) 4.Brookland(Eng) Football.
5.Barboume Stadium(Mumbai)- Cricket. 6.Chepauk Ground Cricket(Chennai)
7.Corporation Stadium(Kolkata) - Football. 8.Epsom(England) Horse Racing.
9.Donchester -St.Ledger Horse Race(England) 10.Eden Garden Cricket(Kolkatta)
11.Feroze Shah Kotla Cricket(Delhi) 12.Forest Hills(New York)- Tennis.
13.Flushihg Meadows -Lawn Tennis(USA) 14. Henley(U.K) -Derby Horse Race(Eng)
15.Hurlingham -Polo(Eng) 16.Lord’s(Eng) Cricket.
17.Oval(England) Cricket 18.Putney Cricket(Eng)
19.Rolland Garros --Lawn Tennis(France)20.Twickenham(U.K.) Rugby Football
21.Wimbledon (Eng) Lawn Tennis(Eng) 21.Wembley Stadium(Eng)- Lawn Tennis
22.Yankee Stadium(New York)- Boxing.
NUMBER OF PLAYERS ON EACH SIDE IN IMPORTANT GAMES.
1.Baseball - 2 2.Basker ball – 5 3.Net Ball - 7.
4.Cricket - 11. 5.Hockey - 11 6.Associatiobn Football - 11
7.Water Polo - 7. 8.Rughy Football - 15. 9.Lacrosse - 12.
10.Croquet - 13 or 15. 11.Polo - 4. 12.Badminton,Tennis–1 or 2.
13.Volley Ball – 6. 14.Table Tennis – 1 or 2.
SOME TYPICAL SPORTS TERMS.
1.Ashes(Cricket) 2.Checkmate(Chess) 3.Cue(Billiards)
4.Deuce(Tennis) 5.Dribble(Football; Hockey) 6.Duck(Cricket)
7.Grand Slam(Bridge, Tennis) 8.Hat Trick(Cricket,Football,Hockey) 9.Sticks(Hockey)
10.Maiden Over(Cricket) 11.Pot,Gigger,Break,Scratch,Cannons,In Baulk(Billiards)
12.Drop,Let,Smash(Badminton)13.Check,Stalemate,Gambit(Chess) 14.Cox(Boating)
15.Jockey,Punter(Horse Racing)16.Chucker,Bunder,Mallet(Polo) 17.Heave(Wrestling)
18.Huff(Draughts) 19.Bogy,Tee,Stymie,Put,Caddie,Hole,Lings(golf)
20.Offside,Dribble,Corner-kick,Penalty-kick,Throw-in,Free-kick,Handball,Hat-trick(Football) 21.Volley,Service,Love,Booster,Smasher(Volleyball)
22.Bully,Sticks,Off-side,Roll-in,Penalty,Sticking,Circle.Scoop,Under-utting,Carry,Short-corner,Hat-trick(Hockey) 23.Backhand Drive,Volley,Smash,Deuce,Service,Half Volley,Net,Fault,Let,Game Set,Ace,Service Game, Service Break(Tennis)
24.Put Out,Pitcher,Strike,Diamond,Bunting,Home(Baseball) 25.Dribble,Carrying,Shifting,Zone(Basketball) 26.Jab,Hook,Upper Cut,Punch,Knockout(Boxing) 27.Vulnerable,Revoke,Ruff,Slam,Little Slam,Grand Slam,Dummy,Trump,Tricks(Bridge) 28.LBW,Maiden-over,Googly,Silly-Point,Gully,Pitch,Third-Umpire,China-Man,Close-in,Boundary,Sixer(Cricket)
THE OLYMPIC GAMES.
The games were first held in 776 BC by the Greeks in honour of God Zenus at Olymus Mount in Greece,hence the name,and they continued till 394 A.D.The games were revived by the French Baron,Pierre de Coubertin in 1894;the modern series started in 1896 at Athens.XXVIII-2004-Athens(Greece);XXIX-2008-China(Scheduled).
ASIAN GAMES
1st in 1951-New Delhi, XV-2006-Doha(Qatar),XVI-2010-Beijing(China)
SPORTS AWARDS
1.Dronacharya Award-1985-Coaches-3 Lakh.2.Arjuna award-1961-Sports Person-3 Lakh
3.Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award-1991,1992-Sports Person 5 Lakh, 4. Abdul Kalam Azad Trophy-1956-Universties-2 Lakh-GNDU(19th Time in 2003-2004) 5.Dhyan Chand Award for life time achivment-Sports Person-2002-3Lak.
SPORTSPERSONS WHO’S WHO
1.Weightlifting-Bharti Singh,Karnam Malleswari,N.Kuhjarani Devi,Gita Rani.
2.Tennis-Anand Amritraj,Leander Paes,Mahesh Bhupathi,Vijay Amritraj,Jaidep Mukherji,Sania Mirja. 3.Swimming-Arati Saha,Nisha Mittalet 4.Football-Baichang Bhutia,I.M.Vijayan. 5.Athletics-Jyotirmoyee Sikdar,Kamaljit Sandhu,M.D.Valsama,P.T.Usha,Rosa Kutty,Sunita rani,Anju Bobby George,K.M.Beenamol 6.Badminton-Aparna ghosh,Parminder Singh 7.Billiards-Ashok Shandilya,Geet Sethi,Wilson Jones,Yasin Merchant, Pankaj Advani,Alok Kumar. 8.Shootihg-Saroj Kumari,Gangan Narng,Avneet Kaur,Abhinav Bindra,Samresh Jung,Anuja Jung,Major Rathore,Jaspal Rana,Vivek Singh,Ronak,Anjali Bhagwat,Anwar Sultan. 9.Boxing-Akhil Kumar,Gurcharan Singh,Dingko Singh,Hawa Singh,Md.Ali Qamar 10.Chess-Anupama Gokhale,Dibyendu Baura,Nisha. Mohota,S.Vijayalakshmi ,Vishwanathan Anand,K.Sasi Kiran. 11.Golf-Chiranjeev Milkha Singh,Irina Brar,Jyoti Rahdhawa,Shiv Kapoor. 12.Hockey-Ajit Pal Singh,Baljit Saini,Baljeet Singh Dhillon,Dhan Raj Pillay,Jude felix,Pargat Singh,Ramandeep Singh,Jagraj Singh,Gagan Ajit Singh 13.Wrestling-Palwinder Chimma,Surjit Mann, 14.Kabaddi-Ram Mehar Singh,E.Prasad Rao. 15.Paddling-Sukhajit Singh,Achanta Kamal,Soumyadeep Roy.16.Table Tennis-Sharath Achanta.
PLAY GROUNDS
1.Court(Badminton,Lawn Tennis 2.Ring(Boxihg.Ice-hockey.Wrestlihg)
3.Diamond(Base ball) 4.Pitch(Cricket) 5.Arena(Wrestling) 6.Green(Golf)
7.Link(Golf) 8.Rink(Skating)
SPORTS MEASURMENTS.
1.Badminton;44 ft. by 20 ft.(Doubles);44 ft,by 17 ft.(Singles)
2.Billiards;10 ft.iong,5 ft. side and 3 ft high.
3.Basketball;85 ft. by 46 ft.(Maximum Dimensions).
4.Cricket;Ground:Round or oval shaped;Wickets:22 yds.apart;Ball;8-13/14 to 9 inches in circumference and 5-3/4 oz. In weight;Bat:4-1/4 tinches maximum width and 38 inches maximum length;Bowling crease :8 inches in length;Popping crease:4 ft. from the wicket and deemed unlimited in length;strumps;27 inches out of the ground.
5.Golf:Hole;4-1/2 inches;Ball:1-1/2 oz. In weight.
6.Polo;Ground:300 yds. By 200 yds. 7.Marathon Race;26 Miles, 385 yds.
8.Table Tennis:9 ft. 6 ft, 2-1/2 ft. 9.Volley ball Court:Rectangular 30ft.by 30ft.
10.Tennis Court:78ft.by 28ft,(sin,)78ft,by,38ft.(Dou) 11.Water Polo;30yds. 20yds.
SYMBOLS OF HERITAGE.
1.Ajanta Caves-Aurangabad(Maharastra) 2.Amar Nath Cave-Jammu and Kashmir.
3.Buland Darwaza-Fatehpur Sikri(Uttar Pardesh)4.Bahai House Of Worship-Delhi
5.Charminar-Hydrabad. 6.India Gate-Delhi. 7Dilwara Temples,MountAbu-Rajasthan
8.Gandhi Sadan-New Delhi. 9.Gate Way Of India-Mumbai. 10.Jantar Mantar-Delhi.
11.Gol Gumbaj-Bija Pur(Karnataka) 12.Hawa Mehal(Place Of Wind)-Jaipur.
13.Gomateshwara-Karnataka. 14.Golden Temple-Amritsar. 15.Jagannath Temple-Puri.
16.JamaMasjid-Delhi.17.Khajuraho Temples-Madhya Pardesh. 18.Red Fort-Delhi.
19.Lingaraja Temple-Bhubneshwar(Orrisa) 20.Mahabodh Temple-Bodhgaya(Bihar)
21.Minakshi Sundareshwar Temple-Madhurai(Tamil Nadu) 22.Quatab Minar-Delhi.
23.Salim Chisti Tomb-Fatehpur Sikri. 24.Sanchi Stupa-Sanchi(Madhya Pardesh)
25.Surya Temple-Konak(Orrisa) 26.Somnath Temple-Gujrat. 27.Taj Mahal-Agra.
28.Victoria Memorial(Kolkata).29.Rashtarpati Bhawan-New Delhi.30.Vrindaban Garden-Mysore.31.Pinjore Garden-.Pinjore Haryana.32.Shalimar Garden-Shri Nagar.33.Mogal Garden-.Rashtarpati Bhawan.34.Mahabalipuram Temple-Tamil Nadu
35.Raghunath Temple-Jammu.36.Moti Masjid-Agra.37.Ellora Caves –Aurangabad.(Maharashtra).38.Elephant Caves-Mumbai.39.Kotla Nihang Khan-Near Ropar(Punjab).40.Lothal-Gujrat.
A MUSICAL WHO’S WHO.
1.Tabla Players-Samta Prasad,Alla Rakha Khan,Zakir Husan.
2.Sarod-Ali Akbar Khan,Zarin Daruwala,Saran Rani Bhakiwal,Amjad Ali Khan.
3.Sarangi-Ram Narayan. 4.SurBahar-Imanat Khan 5.Violin-V.C.Jog.
4.Sitar-RaviShankar,Late.Vilayat Khan,Nikhil Bannerji,AbdulHalem Zafar,Zubin Mehta.
5.Flute-Hari Prasad Chaursia. 6.Oddisi-Sanyukta Panigrahi,Kelucharn Mohapatra,Kiran Sehgal. 7.Bharatnaytam-Sonal Mansingh,Yamini Krishnamurti,Rukmini Devi.
9.Vocalists-Kumar Gandharva(Hindustani),Amir Khan,Bhim Sen Joshi,Mehndi Hasan(Ghazal),Jas Raj,Singh Bandhoo,D.A.Paluskar,Begum Akhtar(Ghazal),Naina Devi,Parveen Sultana,Neena Mehta,M.S.Subbulakshmi(Carnatic),Rajindra Mehta,Jagjit Singh,Chitra Singh, Parveen Sultana,Malikarjun Mansur(Hindustani),Kishori Amonkar.
10.Kathak Dancers-Birju Maharaj,Uma Sharma,Lachchu Maharaj,Roshan Kumari,Durga Lal,Sitara Devi,Gopi Krishna. 11.Kathakali-Uday Shankar,Kanju Kurup.
12.Kuchipudi-Swapnasundri,Sudha Shekar,Raja and Radha Reddy.
13.Manipuri-Charu Mathur,Sadhana Bose,Guru Bipin Singh.
FIRST IN THE WORLD AND INDIA.
1.First President of The U.S.A(Amercia)-George Washington(1789-1797).
2.First President of The U.S.S.R(Russia)-Lenin.
3.First Prime Minister of The U.K(Great Britan)-Robert Walpole.
4.First Prime Minister of Pakistan-Liaquat Ali Khan.
5.First Governor General of Pakistan-Mohammed Ali Jinnah(1947).
6.First President of Chinna-Sun Yat-Sen(1921-1925).
7.First Pope of visit India-Pope Paul VI(1964).
8.First Secretary General of The United States-Trygve Lie(Norway 1946-1953).
9.First Indian to speak in Hindi at the United Nations-A.B.Vajpayee.
10.First woman President of the U.N.General Assembly-Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit.
11.First woman Prime minister of a country-Mrs.Bandaranaika(Sri Lanka1960).
12.First man to cross the Sahara Desert-Dixonham and Hugh(England).
13.First man to set foot on the moon-Neil Armstrong(U.S.A.1969).
14.First man to climb up the Mount Everest twice-Nawang Gombu(India).
15.First Chinese Pilgrim to visit India-Fahien(401-410).
16.First Englishman to receive the Noble Prize in literature-Rudyard Kipling(1907).
17.First European invader of India-Alexandar(Greek,326B.C.).
18.First Asian to get the Nobel Prize in literature-R.N.Tarore(1913).
19.First man to climb Mount Everest-Tenzing(India) and Hillary(New Zealand)1953.
20.First Asian woman to cross the English Channel-Aarti Saha(India)1959.
21.First person to receive Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award-Mother Teresa.
22.First Indian woman Astronaut to enter space in Nov.1998-Kalpana Chawla.
23.India’s First War Museme is situated at-Bhatian(Ludhiana-Punjab).
24.The first lady Chief Minister of Punjab-Rajinder Kaur Bhattal.
25.The first lady Chief Minister of Bihar-Rabri Devi.
26.The first scientist of the world to clone an animal-Inawilmut(Scoottish-1997).
27.First Indian to enter the Indian Civil Service-S.N.Banerjee.
28.The first Indian state to impliment the Panchayati Raj System-Rajsthan.
29.The first Indian scienst to receive the Noble Prize-C.V.Raman(Physics).
30.First human statue worshipped in India was that of-Mahatma Budha.
31.First Modern Olympic Games-1896.
32.The first bank of India was-Bank of Hindustan(1770). 33.India’s First Magsaysay Award winner was-Vinoba Bhave.
34.India’s first test tube baby was-Indira(Baby Harsha).
35.First General Post Office of India was-Madras G.P.O.(1786).
36.India’s first plane to be hijacked was-Fokker Friehdship Plane(1971).
37.India’s Hill Station at the highest altitude-Gulmarg J&K(8550 ft).
38. India’s first woman cosmonaut-Kalpana Chawla of Hariyana.
39.First actress of the talkies(Alam Ara)-Zubeida(1931).
40.First Chief Justice of India-Hira Lal Kania(1950-51).
41.First telepnone line introduced in India-1851.
42.First Chairman of Prasar Bharti-Nikhil Chakravarty.
43.First Sikh University was set up in –London(1998).
44.First Indian to get Noble Prize in Economics-Prof.Amartya sen 1998)
45.First amendment in the Indian Constitution-1950.
46.India’s first fighter jet-NET.
47.First Prime Minister of India-Jawahar Lal Nehru.
48.First Deputy Prime Minister of India-Sr.Patel.
49.First President of India-Dr.Rajendra Prasad.
50.First Vice-President of India-Dr.S.Radhakrishan.
51.First Muslim President of India-Dr.Zakir Hussan.
52.First Sikh Presideht of India-Gaini Zail Singh.
53.First Dalit President of India-K.R.Narayanan.
54.First Woman Prime Minister of India-Mrs.Indira Gandhi.
55.First Prime Minister to resign from post-Morarji Desai.
56.First woman Prime Chief Minister of an Indin State-Mrs.S.K.Kriplani.
57.First Woman Governer of an Indian State-Sarojni Naidu.
58.First woman judge of Supreme Court-Fatima Biwi.
59.First woman chief justice of High court-Leela Seth.
60.First woman President of Indian National Congress-Annie Beasant(1917).
61.First woman I.P.S Officer-Mrs.Kiran Bedi
62.First Indian Miss Universe-Sushmita Sen.
63.First Indian Miss World-Reita Faria(1996)
64.First Indian woman to climb Mount Everest-Bechhendri Pal.
65.First Indian woman to swim across the English Channel-Mihir Sen.
66.First Indian woman to swim across the Palk Straits-Mihir Sen.
67.First Indian Cosmonaut-Rakesh Sharma.
68.First Indian Field Marshal- Manekshaw.
69.First Noble Prize Winner-R.N.Tagore.
70.First Mughal Emperor of India-Babar.
71.First Viceroy of India-Lord Canning.
72.First President of the Indian National Congress-W.C.Banerjee.
73.First Governor General of Indian Union-C.Rajagopalachari.
74.First Governor General of Free India-Lord Mountbatten.
75.First Talkie Film of India-Alam Ara(1931).
76.First Battle Tank Of India-Arjuna.
77.First Satellite of India-Aryabhatta.
78.First Asian Games were held in-India(1951).
79.First Indian lady to win Nobel Peace prize-Mother Teresa.
80.First Indian lady to rule over Delhi-Razia Sultana(1236-1240).
81.First actress to win Padam Shri Award-Nargis Dutt in 1958.
82.First Bharat Ratna Award Winner-C.Rajagopalchari(1954).
83.First Chairman of the Rajya Sabha-S.V.Krishna Moorthy
84.First Chief Election Commishner of India-Sukumar Sen(1950-1958).
85.First Commandar-in-Chief of the Indian Army-K.M.Cariappa(1945-1953).
86.First Home Minister of India-Sardar Patel.
87.First man to climb Mount Everest without Oxygen-Phu Dorjee(1984).
88.First Indian member of British Parliyament-Dadabhai Naoroji.
89.First woman Missionary of India-Sanghamitra Ashoka’s daughter.
90.First woman to get Sathitya Academi Award-Amrita Pritam(1956).
91.First Speaker of the Indian Lok Sabha-Ganesh Vasudeo(1952-1957).
92.First Slave ruler of India-Quatab-ud-din Aibak.
IMPORTANT MONUMENTS OF INDIA.
1.Rajghat(Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi)-New Delhi.
2.Shakti Sthal(Samadhi of Indira Gandhi)-New Delhi.
3.Shantivan(Samadhi of Pt.J.L.Nehru)-New Delhi.
4.Vijay Ghat(Samadhi of Lal Bahadur)-New Delhi.
5.Gandhi Sadan(Where Gandhiji was assassinated in 1948)-New Delhi.
6.Kranti Maidan(Historic venue where Gandhi gave ‘quit India’call 1942)-Mumbai.
7.Tomb of Akbar-Sikandrabad(U.P.)
8.Tomb of Sher Shah Suri-Sasaram(Bihar).
INDIA’S MISSILE PROGRAMS.
1.Agni-Surface to surface ballistic missible with the range 1200-2000 KM.
2.Prithvi-Surface to surface battle field missible with range 150 to 250 KM.
3.Trishul-Surface to surface missible with range 500 meter to 9KM only.
4.Nag-Anti tank guided missible with the range 4km developed on the concept.
5.Akash-Medium range (25km) Surface to air missible.

SOME IMPORTANT POLICITAL PARTIES OF INDIA.
NAME OF PARTY SYMBOL PRESIDENT/GEN.SECY.
1.Indian National Congress -Hand -Sonia Gandhi.
2.Bhartiya Janta Party -Lotus -Rajnath Singh.
3.Communist Party of India(CP) -Earls of Corn and Sickle –A.B.Vardhan.
4.Communist Party of India(CPIM)-(Star,Sickle and Hamma)-Parkash Karat(Gen.Secy).
5.Janata Dal -Wheel -Shard Yadav.
6.Rashtriya Janta Dal(RJD) -Lalten -Laloo Yadav.
7.Samajwadi Party(UP) -Cycle -Mulayam Singh Yadav.
8.Akali Dal(Punjab) -Balance -Parkash Singh Badal.
9 Telgu Desham(Andhra Pardesh) -Cycle -Chandra Babu Naidu.
10.Lok Jan Shakti Party(Bihar) -Hut -Ram Vilas Paswan.
11.Shiv Sena(Maharashtra) -Bow and Assoni -Udhav Thakeray.
12.Bahajun Smaj Party(BSP) -Elephant -Mayavati.
IMPORTANT NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL DAYS.
1.12th Jan.-National Youth Day. 2.21st jan.-Army Day.
3.26th Jan.-World’s Customs Day. 4.30th Jan.-Martys Day.
5.28th Feb.-National Science Day. 6.2nd March.-World Day for Water.
7.4th March.-National Safety Day. 8.8th March.-Women Day.
9.15th Mar.-Disabled Day. 10.21st Mar.-World Forestry Day.
11.7th Apr.-World Health Day. 12.13th Apr.Jalllianwala Day.
13.18th Apr.-World Heritage day. 14.23rd Apr.-World Book Day.
15.24th Apr.-Manav Ekta Divas. 16.1st May.-Lobour Day.
17.3rd May.-World Press Freedom Day. 18.8th May.-Red Cross Day.
19.11th May.-Technology Day. 20.21st May.-Anti-terrorism Day.
21.24th May.-Commonwealth Day. 22.31st may.-No Tobacoo Day.
23.5th June.-Environment Day. 24.27th June.-World Diabetes Day.
25.11th July.-Population Day. 26.9th Aug.-Quit India Day.
27.15th Aug.-Independence Day. 28.20th Aug.-Sadbnavana Day.
29.29th Aug.-Sports Day. 30.5th Sep.-Teachers Day.
31.8th Sep.-Literacy Day. 32.16th Sep.-World Ozone Day.
33.27th Sep.-World Tourism Day. 34.2nd Oct.-Gandhi Jayanti.
35.2nd Oct.-World Vegetarian Day. 36.2nd Oct.-World Animal Day.
37.5th Oct.-World Habitat Day. 38.8th Oct.-Air Force Day.
39.24th Oct.-U.N.O.Day. 39.31st Oct.-National Intergration Day.
40.14th Nov.-Children Day. 41.1st Dec.-AIDS Day.
42.3rd Dec.-World Handicapped Day. 43.4th Dec.-Navy Day.
44.7th Dec.-Flag Day. 44.10th Dec.-Human Rights Day.
ART AND CULUTURE.
1.Lotus-Civitsation and Culture 2.Red Cross-Medical Service/Hospital.
3.Red Triangle-Family Planning. 4.Maharaja-Air India.
5.White Flag-Truce. 6.Red Flag-Danger/Revolution.
7.Oline Branch-Peace. 8.Red Light-Traffic Signal of ‘STOP’.
9.Green Light-Traffic Sign of ‘GO’. 10.Black Armband-Sign of Mouring in protest
11.Dove-Peace. 12.Balance Scale-Justice.
13.Black Flag-Protest. 14.Flag at half mast-National Mouring.
15.Ujjain(Madhya Pardesh)-Kumb Mela. 16.Varanasi(Uttar Pardesh)-Silk Saries,Benaras
IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL AWARDS.
1.Noble Prize-1901-Estlablished in 1967 and named after Alfred Bernhard Nobel,a chemical engineer.Awarded annually on December 10 for outstanding work in the fields of 1.Physics2.Chemistry3.Phycology and Medicine4.Literature,5.Peace,and 6.Economics.
2.Pulitzer Prize-1970-Named after the US publisher Joseph Pulitzer,Conferred annually in the USA for outstanding work in Journalism,Literature and Music.
3.Magsaysay Award-1957-Named after Ramon Magsaysay,President of the Philippines.Conferred annually on August 31,for outstanding contributions in public Service,Community Leadership,Journalism,Literature and Creative Arts,and International Understanding.
4.Templeton-1972-Named after John,M Templeton,a presbyteriah of Nassau,Bahamas,Conferred for progeress in religion.
5.Jawahar Lal Nehru Award-1965-Conffered by the Government of India for outstanding for International Understanding contributions in the promotion of international understanding,goodwill and friendship.
6.Right Livelihood Award-1980-Insituted by Jakob Voh Vexkull,a Swedish-German writer,itr is also called the ‘Alternative Nobel Prize’. Conferred annuly for practical and exemplary solutions to real problems of today.
7.Booker Prize-1968-It is a prestigious literacy award conferred annually by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Associtation.
8.Oscar-1929-Conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Pictures,Arts and Sciences.
9.Jesse Owens Global Award-1992-To honour individuals with a sports background who have made significant and lasting contribution to society.
10.Kalinga Award-1952-Set up at the initiative of Mr Biju Pathak,the founder of Kalinga Foundation Trust in Orissa.It is conterred annually by the Washigton based selection committee.
11.World Food Size-1979-The award was conceived by Dr.Norman Borlaug and financed by the Kraft General Foods. It+ is conferred annually by the Washigton based selection committee.
12.Mahatma Gandhi Peace-Instituted by the Government of India to mark the 125th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It is worth US Dollar 10,000.
13.UN Human Rights Award-1966-The award is given every five years for individual contributions to the establishment of human rights.
MAIN DANCES OF INDIA.
1.Bharatanatyam-It,s a solo dance, originated in the temple of South Africa.
2.Kathakali-This dance is from Kerala and has origin in the courts of the kings of Kerala.
3.Mohiniattam-This dance is alsi from Kerala and is a solo dance.
4.Kucipidi-It is a solo dance popular in Andhra Pardesh,Traditionally.It is performed by men.
5.Kathak-This dance originated in North India.
6.Odisi-As the name indicates, the dance developed in Orrisa.
7.Manipuri-Manipuri is a dance form popular in the North-East India.
AUTOBIOGRAPHIES.
1.A Brush with life-Satish Gujral 2.By God,s Decree-Kapil Dev.
3.Daughter of the East-Benazir Bhutto. 4.Freedom in Exile-Dalai Lama.
5.Golden Girl-P.T.Usha. 6.I Reach for the Stars-Barbara Cartland.
7.In the Afternoon of time-Harivansh Rai Bachan 8.Mein Kamft-Adof Hilter.
9.Long Walk to Freedom-Nelson Mandela. 10.My Days-R.K.Narayan.
11My Experiments with Truth-Mahatma Gandhi.12.My Story-Kamala Das.
13.My Music, My Life-Pt. Ravi Shankar.14.My Presidential Years-R.Venkatraman.
15.The Fall of a Sparrow-Salim Ali.16.The Necked Triangle-Balwant Gargi.
17.Truth,Love and a little Malice-Khushwant Singh. 18.The Tunnel of Time-R.K.Laxman 19.The Wings of Fire-Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS
1.Ajatshatru Jai Shankar Prasad 2.Anandmath Bankim Chandra Chatterji 3.Devdas Sharat Chandra Chatterjee 4.Discovery of India J.L.Nehru
5.Divine Life Swami Sivanada 6.Gitanjali R.N. Tagore
7.Godaan M.P.Chand 8.The Guide R.K.Narayan
9.Hind Swaraj M.K.Gandhi 10. India Divided Rajendra Prasad
India of
Our Dreams M.V.Kamath Kadambari Bana Bhatt
Kamayani Jai Shankar Prasad Kapal Kundat Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Kayakalp Munchi Prem Chand Life divine Aurobindo Ghosh
Malgudi Days R.K.Narayan My Days R.K.Narayan
My Experiments
With Truth M.K.Gandhi Pinjar Amrita Pritam
Operation Bluestar-
TheTrueStory Lt. Gen. K.S.Brar Panchatantra Vishnu Sharma
Ram Charita
Manas Tulsidas Ramayana Valmiki
Rangbhoomi Munshi Prem Chand Ratnavali Harsha Vardhan
Saket Maithili Sharan Gupt Shakuntala Kalidas
Swami And Friends R.K.Narayan
The God of Small
Things Arundhati Roy We,Indians Khushwant Singh
A Brush With Life Satish Gujral A Possible India Partha Chatterjee
A Conceptual
Encyclopedia of
Guru Granth Sahib S.S. Kohli
A Foreign Policy
for India I.K.Gujral A Suitable Boy Vikram Seth
A House for
Mr. Biswas V.S.Naipaul A Passage to England Nirad C. Chaudhuri
A Prisoner’s
Scrap Book L.K.Advani A Revolutionary Life Laxmi Sehgal
A Secular Aganda Arun Shourie Adhe Adhure Mohan Rakesh
A Tunnel of Time-
An Autobiography R.K.Laxman Amar Kosh Amar Singh
Accession to
Extinction D.R.Mankekar Agni Pariksha Acharya Tulsi
Ageless Body,
Timeless Mind Deepak Chopra Between the Lines Kuldip Nayar
An Idealist View
of Life Dr.S.Radhakrishnan Beyond Belief V.S.Naipal
An Unfinished Dream Dr.Verghese Kurien Bharat Aur Europe Nirmal Verma


Autobiography of
an Unknown Indian Nirad C.Chaudhuri Bisarjan Rabindranath Tabore
Beyond Boundaries;
A Memoire Swaraj Paul Bharat Bharti Maithli Sharan Gupat
Bishvraksh Bankim Chanra Chatterji
Broken Wings Sarojini Naidu
Buddha Chritam Ashvaghosha A Bunch of Old Letters J.L.Nehru
Chandalika R.N. Tagore Chidambara Sumitranandhan pant
Chitra R.N.Tagore Conquest of Self M.K.Gandhi
Coolie Mulk Raj Anand Court Dancer R.N.Tagore
Crescent Moon R.N.Tagore Dark Room R.K.Narayan
Dashkumar Charitam Dandi Death of a city Amirita Pritam
Dharamashastra Manu Diplomacy in
peace and war J.N.Kaul
Distant Neighbours Kuldip Nayar Eight Lives Rajmohan Gandhi
Eassays on Gita Aurbindo Ghosh Faces of Everst Maj.H.P.S. Ahiuwalia
From India to America S.Chandra Shekhar From Rajpath
to Lokpath Vijaya Raje Scindira
Ganadevata Tara Shankar
Bandopadhyaya Geet Govinda Jai Dev
Ghasiram Kotwal Vijay Tendulkar Gita Rahasya Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Gitanjali R.N.Tagore Glimpses of
World History J.L.Nehru

Golden Threshold Sarojini Naidu Gora R.K. Narayan
Half A Life V.S.Naipaul Harsha Charita Bana Bhatt
Himalayan Blunder J.P. Dalvi Hindu View Of life Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
Hinduism Nirad C. Choudhuri Hungry Stones Rabindranath Tagore
Idols Sunil Gavaskr India Betrayed:
The Role Of Nehru B.N.Sharma
India–From Curzon
to Nehru and after Durga Dass India Unbound Gurucharan Das
India in transition JagdishBhagwati IndiaWins Freedom Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Lost Child Mulk Raj Anand Prison Diary Jaya Prakash Narayan
Raghuvansa Kalidas Shivaji-Great Patriot Lala Lajpat Rai
Wings of Fire A.P.J.Abdul Kalam Yashodhara Maithili Sharan Gupt































DISEASES AFFECTING DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY.
1.AIDS-Immune System. 2.Arthirits-Joints. 3.Cataract-Eyes 4.Conjunctivitis-Eyes.
5.Dermatitis-Skin. 6.Eczema-Skin. 7.Glaucoma-Eyes. 8.Hepatitis-Liver.
9.Pyorrhoea-Teeth. 10.Pleuisy-Lungs. 11.Rheumatism-Joihts. 12.Tuberculosis-Lungs.
13.Filariasis-Feet. 14.Scurvy-Skin and Blood.15.Cyastritis-Stomach.16.Rabis- Brain.
17.Appendicitus-Appendix. 18.Rickets-Joints of children’s Bones. 19.Tracoma-Eyes.
20.Cholera-Stomach 21 .Pneumonia-Lungs. 22.Malaria-Liver and RBCs 23.Jaundice-Liver. 24.Goitre-Thyroid,Joints 25.Asthma-Respiratory Tract.
26.Diabetes-Pancreas,blood. 27.Polio-Nervous System, legs. 28.Thypoid-Intenstihe.
29.Mums-Slivary Glands. 30.Diphtheria-Thorat.31.Jaundice-Liver.
32.Atherosclerosis-Heart and Blood vascular system.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS.
1.TLC-Blood Test Total Leucocytes Count .
2.DLC-Blood Test Differential Leucocytes Count.
3.HIV-AIDS Test. 4.SGPT_Liver test.
5.M.P.-Malaria Test. 6.SGOT_Liver Test.
7.E.S.R.-Test for T.B. 8.V.D.R.L.-For Sexual Transmitted Diseases.
9.Mantoux Test-Test for T.B. 10.Sercum Creatinine-Kidney functioning Test.
11.Serum Billirubin-Jaundice Test. 12.Widal Test-Typhoid.
13.Uric Acid-Arthritis . 14.RA-Rheumatic Pains.
HUMAN BODY AT A GLACE OF HUMAN BEINGS WEIGHING 70 KG.
1.Body weight-70kg. 2.Jack of all trades-Skin.
3.Thinnest skin-Conjuctiva.(eye) 4.Total no. of bones-206.
5.Smallest bone-Stapes. 6.Longest bone-Femur.
7.Total Verebrae-33. 8.Total no of muscles-639.
9.Smallest muscle-Stapedius(eaer). 10.Longest muscle-Buttok Muscle,Sartorius.
11.Largest gland-Liver. 12.Longest nerve-Sciatic.
13.Largest vein-Inferior Vena Cava. 14.Largest Artery-Abdominal aorta.
15.Weight of Brain-1300gm. 16.Hardest part-Tooth enamel.
17.Common blood groups-A,B,AB,O. 18.Total amount of blood in body-5.5 rs.perature
19.Longest cell of body-Nerve cell. 20.Largest slivary gland-Parotid gland.
21.Largest endocrine gland-Thyroid. 22.Normal body temprature-98.6 F(37 C)
NATURAL ACIDS.
1.Acetic acid-Vinegar. 2.Amino acid-Proteins. 3.Ascorbic acid-Vitamin.
4.Citric acid-Lemon/citrus fruit. 5.Hydrocloric acid-Digestive juices. 6.Lactic acid-Milk.
7.Malic acid-Unripe apples/fruits.8.Tannic acid-Tea. 9.Uric acid-Urine.
THE VITAMINS (Deficiency, Tasks in the body, Food Sources)
1.Vitamin A(Retinal)-Night blindness, xerophthalmia, reatarded growth- Regulates growth of skin cells, helps regeneration of cells in eyes and lungs- Liver, fish, dairy products, eggs, carrots and green vegetables, especially spinach.
2.Vitamin B1 (Riboflavin)-Beriberi, retarded growth-Vital for digestion, growth and muscle tone and for getting energy from glucose. Reduces pain- Most carbohydrate-rich foods such as bread, flour and potatoes and meat, mil, peas and beans.
3.Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)-Cataract, defective skin patches around mouth and ears-Helps change food into energy-Milk, liver, eggs, and vegetables.
4.Vitamin B4 (Niacin)-Mild anemia, growth of lymph tissues, low count of leucocytes and antibodies, low resistance to infections-Helps body deal with amino acids and form hemoglobin in red blood cells-Most foods, especially liver, cereals, bread, dairy products and eggs.
5. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)-Pellagra-Help nerves and good for skin and appetite-Lean meat, cereals and bread, eggs, dairy products.
6.Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)-Pernicious anemia-Good for nervous system; and for bone marrow-Dairy products and meat especially liver.
7.Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)-Scurvy, retarded growth)- Vital for teeth, gums and bones; helps the body fight infection and deal with toxic substances-Citrus fruits, especially
Oranges, lemons and black currants, green vegetables and potatoes.
8.Vitamin D (Calciferol)-Rickets (children) Osteomalacia (adults)-Important for maintaining calcium in blood and bones-Cod liver oil, egg yolk, salmon, butter, and sunlight.
9.Vitamin E (Tocopherol)-Sterility, muscular paralysis-Antioxidant, keeps walls of red blood cells healthy. -Vegetables oils, eggs, nuts, fruits, and green vegetables.
10.Vitamin K (Phylloquinone)-Improper coagulation of blood, improper growth-Vital for blood clotting- Green leafy vegetables, like spinach and tomatoes, soybean and oats.
Iodine-Goiter, Iron-Anemia, Potassium-Hypokalemia, Insulin-Diabetes.
No of muscles-630 (40% of human body)
No of joint-100 (10,000 km of body vessels) Amount of water-70%
Function of heart-To supply pure blood to all part of the body (through arteries)
To collect impure blood from organs (through veins)
Heart beats-70-72/mm in males, 78-82 in females
Blood Cells=Corpuscles, Fluid part=plasma.
RBC is produced in spleen and bone marrow. They have a pigment called hemoglobin, which gives blood its red colour.
WBC is the soldier of body’s defenses system.
Blood Plateletes-Cloting of blood.
Blood grouping-K.Landsteiner in 1900-02, A, AB, B, O.
Normal blood pressure-120/80 mm of hg.
The Respiratory System Consists of organs that deleiver oxygen to the circulatory system for transport to all body cells. It also aids in removing carbondioxide.
The digestive system-The process of converting food into energy giving . It includes mouth, food pipes, stomach, small and large intenstine, rectum and anus and digestive glands like liver and pancrease.
The end product is absorbed throughthe walls of small intenstine and taken into blood. The undigested waste is sent into large intenstine and discharged from the anus. Enzymes like pepsin, rennin,and gastric lipase help to digest the food.
Liver-The largest gland in the human body is liver. Bile juice produced in the liver is stored in the gall bladder. Bile is important agent for digestion, especially fats.
Endocrine or ductless glands-These glands secrete harmones(chemical substances) directly into the instructions from the body.
IMPORTANT INVENTIONS/DISCOVERIES
Aeroplane- Orville and Wilbur Wright Aerosol-Erik Rotheim.
Atomic Bomb-J.Robert Oppenheimer Bakelite-Leo H. Backeland.
Bacteria-Leeuwenhoek Barometer-Evangelista Torricelli
Bunsen Burner-R.W.Bunsen Cell Phone-Martin Cooper
Chronometer-John Harrison Cinema-Nicolas & Jean Lumier
Circulation of blood-William Harvey Diesel Engine-Rudolf Diesel
Electric Light Bulb-Thomas Alva Edison Electromagnet-William Stureon
Electrocardiograph-William Einthoven Eax Machine-Arthur Korn.
Fountain Pen-Lewis E. Waterman. Helicopter-Louis and Jacques Breguer
Hovercraft-Christopher Cockerell Hydrogen Bomb-Edward Teller.
Laser-Theodore Maiman Lift(Mechanical)/Elevator-Elisha G.Otis
Microprocessor-Marcian E.Hoff Microphone-Alexander Graham Bell
Microscope-Z.Janseen Nuclear Fission-Otto Hahn,Fritz Strasmann
Neon Lamp-George Claude Parachute-Louis S.Lenormand
Pen(ball-point)-Lazlo Biro Pressure Cooker-Denis Pepin
Optical Fibre-Narinder Kapany Pasteurisation-Louis Pasteur
Penicillin-Alexander Fleming Polio Vaccine-Jonas Salk.
Polio Vaccine(oral)-Albert Sabin Rayon-Jaseph Swan
Rabies Vaccine-Louis Pasteur Super computer-J.H.Van Tassel
Safety-pin-Water Hunt Stapler-Charles Henry Gould.
Steam Engine-James Watt. Telephone-Alexander Graham Bell
Telescope-Hans Lippershey Televisin-J.L.Baird.
Thermometer(Mercury)-Gabrief D.Fahrenheit Tractor-Behjamin Holt
Transistor-William Stanley Vaccination-Edward Jenner
Wireless(Telegraph)-JC Bose/G Marconi X-Ray-Wilhelm K.Roentgen
Zip-fastener-Whitcomb L.Judson.
VARIOUS POPULAR STUDIES
The study of soils-Pedology The study of plants-Botany
The study of elements-Chemistry The study of natural laws-Physics
The study of animal life-Zoology The study of lane surface-Geography
The study of the production and distribution of wealth-Economics.
The study of the past-History The study of political affairs-Political Science.
The study of human destiny through movements of stars-Astrology.
The study of the origin and history of the universe-Cosmology.
The study of the physical history of the earth-Geology.
The study of criminals and crimes-Criminology.
The study of water-Hydrology The study of health and its preservation-Hygiene
The study of weights and measures-Metrology
The study of radioactivity and x-rays-Radiology
The study of viruses-Virology The study of microbes-Microbiology
The study of origin of words-Etymology.
A SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS
Audiometer-An instrument to measure difference in hearing.
Anemometer-An instrument to measure the velocity and direction of the wind.
Ammeter-An instrument used to measure the strength of an electric current.
Binoculars-An opticial instrument designed for magnified view of distant objects by both eyes simultaneously.
Barometer-An instrument used for measuring atmospheric pressure.
Calorimeter-An instrument for measuring quantities of heat.
Clinical Thermometer-A thermometer for measuring the temprature of human body.
Colorimeter-An instrument for comparing intensities of colour.
DynamoAn instrument used for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy.
Electrometer-An electrical instrument used for measuring very small potential difference and electric currents without appreciably changing current in circuits
Electroscope-An instrument for detecting the presence of electric charge.
Endoscope-An optical instrument for internal examination by direct vision through a light tube fitted with a system of lenses.
Galvanometer-An instrument foe measuring electric current.
Hydrometer-An instrument for measuring the relative density of liquids.
Hydrophone-An instrument for measuring sound under water.
Hygrometer-An instrument for measuring the relative numidity of the atmosphere.
Hygroscope-An intrument to snow the changes in atmospheric humidity.
Lactometer-An instrument for measuring tha relative density of milk.
Magnetometer-An instrument used to compare the magnectic moments and fields.
Manometer-an instrument to measure the pressure of gases.
Mariner’s Compass-An apparatus for determining direction,graduated to indicate 32 directions. The “N” point on the dial indicates north pole and the “S” point south pole.
Micrometer-An instrument for magnified view of very small objects.
Opthalmoscope-An instrument for inspecting the inside of eye, esepically for the diagnosis of eye disease.
Periscope-An apparatus for viewing objects lying above the eye level of the observer and whose direct vision is obstructed.
Photometer-An intrument for comparing the luminous intensity of the sources of light.
Pyrometers-Thermometers to measure heat radiations.
Rain Gauge-An instrument foe measuring rainfall.
Refractometer-An instrument used to measure the refractive index of a substance.
Seismograph-An instrument used to recording the intensity and origin of earthquake shocks.
Stehoscope-An apparatus use to listen the heart beats.
Sphygnomanometer-An instrument to measure the blood pressure.
Teleprinter-A communication medium for automatic sending, receiving, and printing of telegraphic messages from distance places.
Telemeter-An apparatusfor recording physical events happening at a distance.
Telescope-An instrument for viewing distance objects as magnified.
Thermometer-An instrument to measure the temprature.
Thermosat-An automatic device for maintaining constant temperatures.
Voltmeter-An instrument to measure potential difference between two points.
 
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