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Monday, March 3, 2008

Indian Railway Just for Exams

Indian Railway has grown into Asia’s largest and the World’s second largest railway system under a single management. At the end of March 1999 it had a route kilometrage of 62,809 and is the biggest public sector undertaking in India.
Indian Railways run about 12,700 trains every day connecting 6,896 stations with a fleet of 7,429 locomotives, 35,650 passengers service vehicles, 5,408 other coaching vehicles and 2,53,186 wagons as on 31st March,1999. About 22 per cent of the total track is electrified. During 1998-99 the freight haul totaled to 4,416 lakh tones of revenue earning freight traffic operating upon the Broad Metre and Narrow gauges of the Country; passengers traffic around 4,441 million in 1998-99. Now fastest Indian trains are ‘Shatabdi Express’ which run between New Delhi and Bhopal, New Delhi and Lucknow, New Delhi and Kalka, Chennai and Mysore, Mumbai Central and Ahmedabad. New Delhi and Chandigarh, New Delhi and Amritsar, New Delhi and Ajmer, New Delhi and Dehradunn, Howrah and Bokaro Steel City, Howarh and Rourkela, Chennai and Coimbator, Mumbai CST-Pune. Its Maximum speed is 140 km. Earlier ‘Rajdhani Express’ was the fastest. The newly introduced train on April 16,2002 is the Jana Shatabdi Express between Mumbai & Margaon. Another Jana Shatabdi Express was started between Nizamuddin and Kota in Oct.2002. Such trains on pther routs also are in the offing.
Railway Zones(With Headquarters)-
1.Southern Railway, Chennai 2.Central Railway, Mumbai V.T.;
3.Western Railway, Mumbai(church Gate) 4.Northern Railway, New Delhi.
5.North-Eastern Railway, Gorakhpur; 6.Eastern Railway, Kolkata.
7.South-Eastern Railway, Kolkata. 8.North-Eastern Frontier Railway,Maligaon.
9.South-Central Railway, Secundrabad 10.Eastern Central (Hajipur)
11.North-Western(Jaipur), (Hajipur and Jaipur became operational with effect from 1-10-2002).
Five new Railway Zones with Headquarters at Allahabad, Bhubaneshwar, Banglore, Jabalpur and Bilaspur are to start functioning w.e.f.1-4-2003.
Head Quarters of the Railway Service Commission- Mumbai, Kolkata, Allahbad, Chennai and Bhopal.
Railway Staff College- Baroda.
Important Long Distance Trains-
1.6017/6018 Himsagar Express: Jammu-Kanyakumari (Weekly)-3,726 kms
2.2601/2602 Express Guwahati-Trivandrum 3,574 kms.
3.2649/2650 Kochin-Guwahati Express: Kochin-Guwahati(Weekly)3,362 kms
4.2625/2626 Kerala Express New Delhi-Trivandrum 3,054.
5.5011/5012 Express Gorakhpur-Cochin Harbour (Bi-weeekly)2,991kms.
6.2603/2604 Express Rajkot-Trivandrum(Weekly) 2 ,734.
7.2627/2628 Karnataka Express New Delhi-Chennai(Madras) 2,190.
8.2615/2616 Grand Trunk Express New Delhi-Chennai(Madras) 2,190 9.2621/2622 Tamil Nadu Express New Delhi-Chennai(Madras) 2,190(4dats a week)
10.Nizamuddin-Goa Express Nizamuddin-Vascodigama 2,189.
Currencies of Different Countries-
Australia-Dollar Bangladesh-Taka Belgium-Franc
Britian-Pound Burma- Kyat Canada-Dolar
Germany-Deutsch Mark Iran-Rial India-Rupee
Ceylon-Rupee China-Yuan Czechoslovakia-Koruna.
Denmark-Krone France-Franc Pakistan-Rupee
Poland-Zloty Spain-Peseta. Indonesia-Rupiah
Iraq-Dinar Italy-Lira. Japan-Yen
Mexico-Peso Netherlands-Guilder European Union-Euro.
Sweden-Krone Switzerland-Franc Turkey-Lira.
U.A.R.-Pound U.S.A.-Dollar Russia-Rouble.
CAPITALS OF COUNTRIES-
Austria-Vienna Afghanistan-Kabul Algeria-Algiers
Angola-Luanda Australia-Canberra Argentina-Buenos Aires
Bangladesh-Dhaka Belgium-Brussels Bolivia- Lapaz
Bulgaria-Sofia Bhutan-Thimpu. Brazil-Brasilla
Canada-Ottawa China-Taipeh Cyprus-Nicosia
Denmark-Copenhegan Eire-Dublin Ethiopia-Addis Ababa.
Finland-Helsinki France-Paris Germany-Berlin.
Greece-Athens Guatemala- Guatemala City Hungary-Budapest.
Iran-Tehran India-New Delhi Indonesia-Jakarta.
Iraq-Baghdad Italy-Rome. Japan-Tokyo.
Kampuchea-Phnom Penh Korea(South)-Seoul Kenya-Nairobi
Kuwait-Kuwait Laos-Vientiane Lebanon-Beirut.
Mexico-Mexico City Malaysia-Kualalumpur. Morocco-Rabat.
Mozambique-Maputo New Zealand-Welington Netherlands-Amsterdam
Panama-Panama City Portugal-Lisbon Poland-Warsaw.
Sri Lanka-Colombo Sweden-Stockholm Switzerland-Berne.
Sudan-Khartoum Sierre Leone-Freetown South Africa-Capetown
Saudi Arabia-Riyadh Spain-Madrid Thailand-Bangkok
Turkey-Ankara Republic(RSFSR)-Moscow Azerbaijan-Baku.
Moldavia-Kishinev Kirgizia-Frunze Armenia-Yerevan.
Latvia-Riga Ukraine-Kiev U.S.A.-Washigton.
U.K.-London U.A.R.-Cairo Vietnam-Hanoi
Zambia-Lusaka Israel-Tel-Aviv Uzbekistan-Tashkent
Kazakhstan-Alma-Ata. Belorussia-Minsk. Georgia-Tbilisi
Tadzhikistan-Dushanbe Lithuania-Vilnius Turkmenistan-Ashkhabad
Estonia-Tallinn.
IMPORTANT PLACES ASSOCIATED WITH PERSONS-
Bengal’s Sorrow-Damodar river.
China’s Sorrow-Hwango Ho River
Cockpit of Europe-Belgium.
Dark Continent-Africa.
Emerald Isle-Ireland.
Gift of the Nile-Egypt.
Hermit Kingdom-Korea.
Key to Mediterranean-Gibraltar
Land of the Midnight Sun-Norway.
City of Seven Hills-Rome.
Land of Rising Sun-Japan.
Land of White Elephants-Thailand.
Land of Maple Leaf-Canada.
Pillars of Hercules-Straits of Gibraltar.
Playground of Europe-Switzerland
World’s Loneliest Island-Tristan de Cunha(Mid Atlantic).
 
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